Analysis Using the Soft Soil Model
The analysis employs the λ and is based on the Soft soil elastic-plastic model developed in university of Cambridge. The soil deformation assumes the volumetric strain to be linearly dependent on the change of effective mean stress ε plotted in natural logarithmic scale. The settlement of the ith layer is then provided by:
vertical component of geostatic stress in the middle of ith layer
vertical component of incremental stress (e.g. stress due to structure surcharge) inducing layer compression
thickness of the ith layer
modified compression index in the ith layer
The analysis requires inputting the modified compression index λ usually obtained from triaxial laboratory measurements.
If the modified compression index λ is not known, it is possible to specify the CC together with an e (if that is also not know it is sufficient to provide the initial void ratio eo) and the program then performs an approximate computation of the modified compression index λ using the available information.
Burland J.B. The yielding and dilatation of clay (correspondence), Géotechnique, 15 (2),1965, str. 211-214.